The semiconductor chip is at the core of what we think us as technology. Computers, cell phones, iPods, medical equipment, avionics, etc. have only been possible because of the chip. The American chip industry has been damaged by the recent economic slowdown like most industries, but more importantly, the chip business in the United States has been in a slow fall for 30 years.In January global chip sales dropped by almost a third from the previous year, to $15.3 billion (Semiconductor Industry Association). Overinvestment in chip factories has resulted in steep losses of over the last 2 years. The chip business has been compared to farming. If too many farmers plant cotton, then the price of cotton will drop (supply and demand).The American chip industry, outside of Intel, is an endangered species. AT&T, Hewlett-Packard, and others are already gone from the field. Others, like Texas Instruments, have set a path for the eventual elimination of manufacturing. These companies have gone “fabless”, meaning they will continue designing applications, but leave the process technology and manufacturing to someone else (most often to companies in Asia).The microprocessor market has been the exception, especially Intel. The microprocessor market has been controlled by Intel. It… Read full this story
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