A big concern in personality psychology today is how to integrate the different components of the person into a unified theory. Older approaches have tended to focus on understanding particular components rather than the whole person. Trait theories for example have focused on describing relatively stable characteristics of a person such as how they typically think, feel and behave. Theories focusing on personal values on the other hand stress the guiding principles that influence what goals a person regards as important to strive for in life. Recent theories have attempted to understand how both traits and values fit into a broader model of personality, and hence have looked at how particular traits, e.g. those in the Big Five, are related to particular values. An even more ambitious approach to personality called Life History Theory (that I discussed in a previous post) is based on the notion that a whole range of human characteristics, including personality traits, intelligence, … [Read more...] about Do Personality Traits and Values Form a Coherent Whole?
Global value chain analysis
Large numbers of people in Christian-majority countries in the west see a fundamental clash between Islam and the values of their nation, according to a survey. However, significantly fewer people in the Middle East and North Africa view Christianity in the same way. Nearly half the people taking part in the poll in France and Germany, and nearly one-third in the US and the UK, thought there was a clash between Islam and the values of society in their country. When asked the same question about Christianity, 25% of people in Saudi Arabia and 22% of Algerians said there was a clash with the values of their country, but the proportions fell to 13% in the United Arab Emirates and 7% in Egypt. The poll on attitudes towards religion, carried out by YouGov, was commissioned by the Muslim Council of Elders to mark the first papal visit to the Arabian peninsula. Pope Francis is attending an interfaith conference in Abu Dhabi and will hold an open-air mass on Tuesday expected to be attended by … [Read more...] about Many people in mostly Christian countries believe values clash with Islam – poll
Southeast Asian countries, including Vietnam, Indonesia and Thailand, attracted record foreign direct investments last year as the ongoing trade friction between the United States and China prompted manufacturers to shift their production to countries not subject to US tariffs. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the region rose 3% in 2018 to a record level of $149 billion (€132 billion), UNCTAD'S World Investment Report 2019 showed. The US and China have been engaged in a bitter trade spat for about a year with both sides imposing punitive tariffs on each other's goods. The Trump administration has already imposed a 25% levy on $250 billion worth of imports from China and has threatened to slap the same tariff on the remaining Chinese imports worth $325 billion. In retaliation, Beijing has imposed levies on $110 billion worth of US goods. "The escalation in US-China trade tensions triggered a significant increase in investments in South and Southeast Asia," James Zhan, … [Read more...] about US-China trade spat: China’s Asian neighbors see record investments
LOUISVILLE, Ky. (AP) — International trade uncertainty looms over Kentucky’s farm economy, which was able to maintain stable income levels with a boost from government relief payments offered to farmers hit hard by low commodity prices caused by the trade conflict with China, agricultural economists said Thursday. This year’s statewide farm cash receipts are projected to be $5.9 billion, equaling the past two years but well below the $6.5 billion level in 2014, a team of University of Kentucky ag economists said. Higher receipts are projected for the state’s renowned horse industry as well as the corn, wheat, dairy and hemp sectors, reflecting the state’s diversified farm production. Kentucky’s net cash income — the amount left after farmers’ expenses — is expected to exceed $1.8 billion in 2019, up slightly from last year, the economists said. The uptick has more to do with the influx of trade-related federal relief payments to … [Read more...] about Trade-related relief payments cushion some Kentucky farmers
Paris: Global carbon emissions boosted by soaring natural gas use are set to hit record levels in 2019 despite a decline in coal consumption and a string of countries declaring a climate emergency, researchers said Wednesday. In its annual analysis of fossil fuel trends, the Global Carbon Project said CO2 emissions were on course to rise 0.6 percent this year -- slower than previous years but still a world away from what is needed to keep global warming in check. In three peer-reviewed studies, authors attributed the rise to "robust growth" in natural gas and oil, which offset significant falls in coal use in the United States and Europe. "We see clearly that global changes come from fluctuations in coal use," said Corrine Le Quere, from the University of East Anglia, an author on the Carbon Budget report. "In contrast the use of oil and particularly natural gas is going up unabated. Natural gas is now the biggest contributor to the growth in emissions." Atmospheric CO2 levels, … [Read more...] about Climate Change: Natural gas drives record CO2 emissions in 2019